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Similar Heritage Sites Recognized by UNESCO

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  • Similar Heritage Sites Recognized by UNESCO
  • Surrounding the city and the castle of the heritage city size
    The castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Southeast Asia Rattan 5, 18 in Europe, including a provisional list of 24 places and 11 places that are waiting to be listed.
  • Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent ⓒderbent.ru
    Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent
    Russian Federation flag
    Dagestan, Eastern Caucasus, Western coast of Caspian Sea
    N42 3 10.7, E48 17 49.9
    Date of Inscription: 2003
    Criteria : (iii), (iv)
    Property: 9.70㏊
    Buffer zone: 2.00㏊
    Summary : The Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent were part of the northern lines of the Sasanian Persian Empire, which extended east and west of the Caspian Sea. The fortification was built in stone. It consisted of two parallel walls that formed a barrier from the seashore up to the mountain. The town of Derbent was built between these two walls, and has retained part of its medieval fabric. The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century.
  • Complex of Hué Monuments

    Complex of Hué Monuments ⓒUNESCO
    Complex of Hué Monuments
    Viet Nam flag
    Thua Thien – Hue
    N16 28 9.984, E107 34 40.008
    Date of Inscription: 1993
    Criteria : (iv)
    Summary : Established as the capital of unified Viet Nam in 1802, Hué was not only the political but also the cultural and religious centre under the Nguyen dynasty until 1945. The Perfume River winds its way through the Capital City, the Imperial City, the Forbidden Purple City and the Inner City, giving this unique feudal capital a setting of great natural beauty.
  • Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi

    Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi ⓒBui Minh Tri
    Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi
    Viet Nam flag
    N21 2 22, E105 50 14
    Date of Inscription: 2010
    Criteria : (ii), (iii), (vi)
    Property :18㏊
    Buffer zone :108㏊
    Summary : The Thang Long Imperial Citadel was built in the 11th century by the Ly Viet Dynasty, marking the independence of the Dai Viet. It was constructed on the remains of a Chinese fortress dating from the 7th century, on drained land reclaimed from the Red River Delta in Hanoi. It was the centre of regional political power for almost 13 centuries without interruption. The Imperial Citadel buildings and the remains in the 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site reflect a unique South-East Asian culture specific to the lower Red River Valley, at the crossroads between influences coming from China in the north and the ancient Kingdom of Champa in the south.
  • Ancient City of Aleppo

    Ancient City of Aleppo ⓒUNESCO
    Ancient City of Aleppo
    Syrian Arab Republic flag
    Aleppo
    N36 13 59.988, E37 10 0.012
    Date of Inscription : 1986
    Criteria : (iii), (iv)
    Summary : Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans. The 13th-century citadel, 12th-century Great Mosque and various 17th-century madrasas, palaces, caravanserais and hammams all form part of the city's cohesive, unique urban fabric, now threatened by overpopulation.
  • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower

    Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower ⓒUNESCO
    Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower
    Azerbaijan flag
    Apsheron peninsula
    N40 22 0, E49 49 60
    Date of Inscription: 2000
    Criteria : (ⅳ)
    Property: 22㏊
    Summary : Built on a site inhabited since the Palaeolithic period, the Walled City of Baku reveals evidence of Zoroastrian, Sasanian, Arabic, Persian, Shirvani, Ottoman, and Russian presence in cultural continuity. The Inner City (Icheri Sheher) has preserved much of its 12th-century defensive walls. The 12th-century Maiden Tower (Giz Galasy) is built over earlier structures dating from the 7th to 6th centuries BC, and the 15th-century Shirvanshahs' Palace is one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture.
  • Old Walled City of Shibam

    Old Walled City of Shibam ⓒOUR PLACE
    Old Walled City of Shibam
    Yemen flag
    Hadramaut Governorate, in the Wadi Hadramaut, Seiyun District
    N15 55 36.984, E48 37 36.012
    Date of Inscription : 1982
    Criteria : (iii), (iv), (v)
    Summary : Surrounded by a fortified wall, the 16th-century city of Shibam is one of the oldest and best examples of urban planning based on the principle of vertical construction. Its impressive tower-like structures rise out of the cliff and have given the city the nickname of ‘the Manhattan of the desert’.
  • Old City of Sana'a

    Old City of Sana'a ⓒUNESCO
    Old City of Sana'a
    Yemen flag
    Governorate of the capital Sana’a
    N15 21 20, E44 12 29
    Date of Inscription : 1986
    Criteria : (iv), (v), (vi)
    Summary : Situated in a mountain valley at an altitude of 2,200 m, Sana’a has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years. In the 7th and 8th centuries the city became a major centre for the propagation of Islam. This religious and political heritage can be seen in the 103 mosques, 14 hammams and over 6,000 houses, all built before the 11th century. Sana’a’s many-storeyed tower-houses built of rammed earth (pisé) add to the beauty of the site.
  • Itchan Kala

    Itchan Kala ⓒUNESCO
    Itchan Kala
    Uzbekistan flag
    Khorezm region, Khiva
    N41 22 41.988, E60 21 50.004
    Date of Inscription : 1990
    Criteria : (ⅲ), (ⅳ), (ⅴ)
    Property : 26㏊
    Summary : Itchan Kala is the inner town (protected by brick walls some 10 m high) of the old Khiva oasis, which was the last resting-place of caravans before crossing the desert to Iran. Although few very old monuments still remain, it is a coherent and well-preserved example of the Muslim architecture of Central Asia. There are several outstanding structures such as the Djuma Mosque, the mausoleums and the madrasas and the two magnificent palaces built at the beginning of the 19th century by Alla-Kulli-Khan.
  • Hatra

    Hatra ⓒUNESCO
    Hatra
    Iraq flag
    Governorate of Ninawa
    N35 35 17.016, E42 43 5.988
    Date of Inscription : 1985
    Criteria : (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
    Property : 324㏊
    Summary : A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and capital of the first Arab Kingdom, Hatra withstood invasions by the Romans in A.D. 116 and 198 thanks to its high, thick walls reinforced by towers. The remains of the city, especially the temples where Hellenistic and Roman architecture blend with Eastern decorative features, attest to the greatness of its civilization.
  • Tchogha Zanbil

    Tchogha Zanbil ⓒUNESCO
    Tchogha Zanbil
    Iran, Islamic Republic of flag
    Khuzestan
    N32 4 59.88, E48 31 60
    Date of Inscription : 1979
    Criteria : (ⅲ), (ⅳ)
    Summary : The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site.
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