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City Walls Recognized by UNESCO

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  • City Walls Recognized by UNESCO
  • Surrounding the city and the castle of the heritage city size
    The castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Southeast Asia Rattan 5, 18 in Europe, including a provisional list of 24 places and 11 places that are waiting to be listed.
  • Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta ⓒUNESCO
    Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta
    Italy flag
    City and Province of Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna Region
    N44 50 16, E11 37 10
    Date of Inscription : 1995
    Criteria : (ⅱ), (ⅲ), (ⅳ), (ⅴ), (ⅵ)
    Property : 46,712㏊
    Buffer zone : 117,649㏊
    Summary : Ferrara, which grew up around a ford over the River Po, became an intellectual and artistic centre that attracted the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance in the 15th and 16th centuries. Here, Piero della Francesca, Jacopo Bellini and Andrea Mantegna decorated the palaces of the House of Este. The humanist concept of the 'ideal city' came to life here in the neighbourhoods built from 1492 onwards by Biagio Rossetti according to the new principles of perspective. The completion of this project marked the birth of modern town planning and influenced its subsequent development.
  • Mantua and Sabbioneta

    Mantua and Sabbioneta Nomination File
    Mantua and Sabbioneta
    Italy flag
    Lombardia
    N45 9 34, E10 47 40
    Date of Inscription : 2008
    Criteria : (ii), (iii)
    Property : 235㏊
    Buffer zone : 2,330㏊
    Summary : Mantua and Sabbioneta, in the Po valley, in the north of Italy, represent two aspects of Renaissance town planning: Mantua shows the renewal and extension of an existing city, while 30 km away, Sabbioneta represents the implementation of the period’s theories about planning the ideal city. Typically, Mantua’s layout is irregular with regular parts showing different stages of its growth since the Roman period and includes many medieval edifices among them an 11th century rotunda and a Baroque theatre. Sabbioneta, created in the second half of the 16th century under the rule of one person, Vespasiano Gonzaga Colonna, can be described as a single-period city and has a right angle grid layout. Both cities offer exceptional testimonies to the urban, architectural and artistic realizations of the Renaissance, linked through the visions and actions of the ruling Gonzaga family. The two towns are important for the value of their architecture and for their prominent role in the dissemination of Renaissance culture. The ideals of the Renaissance, fostered by the Gonzaga family, are present in the towns’ morphology and architecture.
  • Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites

    Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites ⓒUNESCO
    Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites
    Italy flag
    N43 3 58.2, E12 37 20.8
    Date of Inscription : 2000
    Criteria : (ⅰ), (ⅱ), (ⅲ), (ⅳ), (ⅵ)
    Property : 14,563㏊
    Buffer zone : 4,087㏊
    Summary : Assisi, a medieval city built on a hill, is the birthplace of Saint Francis, closely associated with the work of the Franciscan Order. Its medieval art masterpieces, such as the Basilica of San Francesco and paintings by Cimabue, Pietro Lorenzetti, Simone Martini and Giotto, have made Assisi a fundamental reference point for the development of Italian and European art and architecture.
  • Historic Centre of Český Krumlov

    Historic Centre of Český Krumlov ⓒUNESCO
    Historic Centre of Český Krumlov
    Czech Republic flag
    South Bohemian Region
    N48 49 0, E14 19 0
    Date of Inscription : 1992
    Criteria : (iv)
    Property : 52㏊
    Buffer zone : 1,073㏊
    Summary : Situated on the banks of the Vltava river, the town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. It is an outstanding example of a small central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained intact thanks to its peaceful evolution over more than five centuries.
  • Historic City of Trogir

    Historic City of Trogir ⓒUNESCO
    Historic City of Trogir
    Croatia flag
    County of Split-Dalmatia
    N43 30 45, E16 15 6.012
    Date of Inscription : 1997
    Criteria : (ⅱ), (ⅳ)
    Property : 6.40㏊
    Buffer zone : 4.80㏊
    Summary : Trogir is a remarkable example of urban continuity. The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful Romanesque churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance and Baroque buildings from the Venetian period.
  • Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications

    Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications ⓒMunicipality of Elvas
    Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
    Portugal flag
    N38 52 50.23, W7 9 47.96
    Date of Inscription : 2012
    Criteria : (iv)
    Property : 179㏊
    Buffer zone : 608ha
    Summary : The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry-ditch system in the world. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century ad, its fortification began when Portugal regained independence in 1640. The fortifications designed by Dutch Jesuit padre Cosmander represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site also contains the Amoreira aqueduct, built to enable the stronghold to withstand lengthy sieges.
  • Historic Centre of Évora

    Historic Centre of Évora ⓒJosé Emilio Guerreir
    Historic Centre of Évora
    Portugal flag
    Province: Alentejo, District: Evora
    N38 34 23.016, W7 54 28.008
    Date of Inscription : 1986
    Criteria : (ii), (iv)
    Summary : This museum-city, whose roots go back to Roman times, reached its golden age in the 15th century, when it became the residence of the Portuguese kings. Its unique quality stems from the whitewashed houses decorated with azulejos and wrought-iron balconies dating from the 16th to the 18th century. Its monuments had a profound influence on Portuguese architecture in Brazil.
  • Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne

    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne ⓒEditions Gelbart
    Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne
    France flag
    Department of Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon Region
    N43 12 38, E2 21 32
    Date of Inscription :1997
    Criteria : (ⅱ), (ⅳ)
    Property: 11㏊
    Buffer zone: 1,358㏊
    Summary : Since the pre-Roman period, a fortified settlement has existed on the hill where Carcassonne now stands. In its present form it is an outstanding example of a medieval fortified town, with its massive defences encircling the castle and the surrounding buildings, its streets and its fine Gothic cathedral. Carcassonne is also of exceptional importance because of the lengthy restoration campaign undertaken by Viollet-le-Duc, one of the founders of the modern science of conservation.
  • Fortifications of Vauban

    Fortifications of Vauban ⓒEditions Gelbart
    Fortifications of Vauban
    France flag
    N50 16 57, E2 45 32
    Date of Inscription: 2008
    Criteria : (ⅰ), (ⅱ), (ⅳ)
    Property :1,153㏊
    Buffer zone: 4,341㏊
    Summary : Fortifications of Vauban consists of 12 groups of fortified buildings and sites along the western, northern and eastern borders of France. They represent the finest examples of the work of Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (1633-1707), a military engineer of King Louis XIV. The serial property includes towns built from scratch by Vauban, citadels, urban bastion walls and bastion towers. There are also mountain forts, sea forts, a mountain battery and two mountain communication structures. This property is inscribed as bearing witness to the peak of classic fortifications, typical of western military architecture. Vauban also played a major role in the history of fortification in Europe and on other continents until the mid-19th century.
  • Fortress of Suomenlinna

    Fortress of Suomenlinna ⓒSuomen Ilmankuva Oy
    Fortress of Suomenlinna
    Finland flag
    Helsinki Harbour, Region of Uusimaa, Province of Southern Finland
    N60 8 49.992, E24 59 13.992
    Date of Inscription: 1991
    Criteria : (ⅳ)
    Summary : Built in the second half of the 18th century by Sweden on a group of islands located at the entrance of Helsinki's harbour, this fortress is an especially interesting example of European military architecture of the time.
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